Privacy Notice

Notice from CHIROPRACTIC WORKS
Dr. Chris Rapoff

PRIVACY NOTICE TO PATIENTS
 

THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW YOUR MEDICAL
INFORMATION MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW
YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THAT INFORMATION.

PLEASE REVIEW THIS NOTICE CAREFULLY.

ORGANIZED HEALTH CARE ARRANGEMENT
This Practice includes the health care provider whose name appears at the top of this Notice. Although the provider shares office space, medical personnel, office staff, equipment and supplies, with another health care professional, they are not legally related, in that they are not partners, owners, or employees with or of each other. However, for purposes of compliance with the HIPAA Privacy Rules, they are deemed to be an Organized Health Care Arrangement, which means: that they operate as an integrated unit; that they will share protected health information in order to carry out treatment (including coverage for each other), payment for treatment and health care operations; that this Notice is provided as a joint notice made by each of them; and, that each of them will abide by the terms of this Notice.

POLICY STATEMENT
This Practice is committed to maintaining the privacy of your protected health information ("PHI"), which includes information about your medical condition and the care and treatment you receive from the Practice and other health care providers. This Notice details how your PHI may be used and disclosed to third parties for purposes of your care, payment for your care, health care operations of the Practice, and for other purposes permitted or required by law. This Notice also details your rights regarding your PHI.

USE OR DISCLOSURE OF PHI
The Practice may use and/or disclose your PHI for purposes related to your care, payment for your care, and health care operations of the Practice. The following are examples of the types of uses and/or disclosures of your PHI that may occur. These examples are not meant to include all possible types of use and/or disclosure.
1. Care – In order to provide care to you, the Practice will provide your PHI to those health care professionals, whether on the Practice's staff or not, directly involved in your care so that they may understand your medical condition and needs and provide advice or treatment (e.g., your physician). For example, your physician may need to know how your condition is responding to the treatment provided by the Practice.
2. Payment – In order to get paid for some or all of the health care provided by the Practice, the Practice may provide your PHI, directly or through a billing service, to appropriate third party payers, pursuant to their billing and payment requirements. For example, the Practice may need to provide your health insurance carrier with information about health care services that you received from the Practice so that the Practice can be properly reimbursed.
3. Health Care Operations – In order for the Practice to operate in accordance with applicable law and insurance requirements and in order for the Practice to provide quality and efficient care, it may be necessary for the Practice to compile, use and/or disclose your PHI. For example, the Practice may use your PHI in order to evaluate the performance of the Practice's personnel in providing care to you.

AUTHORIZATION NOT REQUIRED
The Practice may use and/or disclose your PHI, without a written Authorization from you, in the following instances:
1. De-identified Information – Your PHI is altered so that it does not identify you and, even without your name, cannot be used to identify you.
2. Business Associate – To a business associate, which is someone who the Practice contracts with to provide a service necessary for your treatment, payment for your treatment and health care operations (e.g., billing service or transcription service). The Practice will obtain satisfactory written assurance, in accordance with applicable law, that the business associate will appropriately safeguard your PHI.
3. Personal Representative – To a person who, under applicable law, has the authority to represent you in making decisions related to your health care.
4. Public Health Activities – Such activities include, for example, information collected by a public health authority, as authorized by law, to prevent or control disease, injury or disability. This includes reports of child abuse or neglect.
5. Federal Drug Administration – If required by the Food and Drug Administration to report adverse events, product defects or problems or biological product deviations, or to track products, or to enable product recalls, repairs or replacements, or to conduct post marketing surveillance.
6. Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence – To a government authority if the Practice is required by law to make such disclosure. If the Practice is authorized by law to make such a disclosure, it will do so if it believes that the disclosure is necessary to prevent serious harm or if the Practice believes that you have been the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence. Any such disclosure will be made in accordance with the requirements of law, which may also involve notice to you of the disclosure.
7. Health Oversight Activities – Such activities, which must be required by law, involve government agencies involved in oversight activities that relate to the health care system, government benefit programs, government regulatory programs and civil rights law. Those activities include, for example, criminal investigations, audits, disciplinary actions, or general oversight activities relating to the community's health care system.
8. Judicial and Administrative Proceeding – For example, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI in response to a court order or a lawfully issued subpoena.
9. Law Enforcement Purposes – In certain instances, your PHI may have to be disclosed to a law enforcement official for law enforcement purposes. Law enforcement purposes include: (1) complying with a legal process (i.e., subpoena) or as required by law; (2) information for identification and location purposes (e.g., suspect or missing person); (3) information regarding a person who is or is suspected to be a crime victim; (4) in situations where the death of an individual may have resulted from criminal conduct; (5) in the event of a crime occurring on the premises of the Practice; and (6) a medical emergency (not on the Practice’s premises) has occurred, and it appears that a crime has occurred.
10. Coroner or Medical Examiner – The Practice may disclose your PHI to a coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identifying you or determining your cause of death, or to a funeral director as permitted by law and as necessary to carry out its duties.
11. Organ, Eye or Tissue Donation – If you are an organ donor, the Practice may disclose your PHI to the entity to whom you have agreed to donate your organs.
12. Research – If the Practice is involved in research activities, your PHI may be used, but such use is subject to numerous governmental requirements intended to protect the privacy of your PHI such as approval of the research by an institutional review board and the requirement that protocols must be followed.
13. Avert a Threat to Health or Safety – The Practice may disclose your PHI if it believes that such disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public and the disclosure is to an individual who is reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat.
14. Specialized Government Functions – When the appropriate conditions apply, the Practice may use PHI of individuals who are Armed Forces personnel: (1) for activities deemed necessary by appropriate military command authorities; (2) for the purpose of a determination by the Department of Veteran Affairs of eligibility for benefits; or (3) to a foreign military authority if you are a member of that foreign military service. The Practice may also disclose your PHI to authorized federal officials for conducting national security and intelligence activities including the provision of protective services to the President or others legally authorized.
15. Inmates – The Practice may disclose your PHI to a correctional institution or a law enforcement official if you are an inmate of that correctional facility and your PHI is necessary to provide care and treatment to you or is necessary for the health and safety of other individuals or inmates.
16. Workers' Compensation – If you are involved in a Workers' Compensation claim, the Practice may be required to disclose your PHI to an individual or entity that is part of the Workers' Compensation system.
17. Disaster Relief Efforts – The Practice may use or disclose your PHI to a public or private entity authorized to assist in disaster relief efforts.
18. Required by Law – If otherwise required by law, but such use or disclosure will be made in compliance with the law and limited to the requirements of the law.

AUTHORIZATION
Uses and/or disclosures, other than those described above, will be made only with your written Authorization, which you may revoke at any time.

APPOINTMENT REMINDER
The Practice may, from time to time, contact you to provide appointment reminders. The reminder may be in the form of a letter or postcard. The Practice will try to minimize the amount of information contained in the reminder. The Practice may also contact you by phone and, if you are not available, the Practice will leave a message for you.

SIGN-IN LOG
The Practice maintains a Sign-In Log for individuals seeking care and treatment in the office. The Sign-In Log is located in a position where staff can readily see who is seeking care in the office, as well as the individual’s location within the Practice’s office suite. This information may be seen by, and is accessible to others who are seeking care or services in the Practice’s office.

TREATMENT ALTERNATIVES/BENEFITS
The Practice may, from time to time, contact you about treatment alternatives, or other health benefits or services that may be of interest to you.

YOUR RIGHTS
You have the right to:
1. Revoke any Authorization, in writing, at any time. To request a revocation, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer.
2. Request restrictions on certain use and/or disclosure of your PHI as provided by law. However, the Practice is not obligated to agree to any requested restrictions. To request restrictions, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. In your written request, you must inform the Practice of what information you want to limit, whether you want to limit the Practice’s use or disclosure, or both, and to whom you want the limits to apply. If the Practice agrees to your request, the Practice will comply with your request unless the information is needed in order to provide you with emergency treatment.
3. Receive confidential communications of PHI by alternative means or at alternative locations. You must make your request in writing to the Practice's Privacy Officer. The Practice will accommodate all reasonable requests.
4. Inspect and copy your PHI as provided by law. To inspect and copy your PHI, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. In certain situations that are defined by law, the Practice may deny your request, but you will have the right to have the denial reviewed. The Practice can charge you a fee for the cost of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request.
5. Amend your PHI as provided by law. To request an amendment, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. You must provide a reason that supports your request. The Practice may deny your request if it is not in writing, if you do not provide a reason and support of your request, if the information to be amended was not created by the Practice (unless the individual or entity that created the information is no longer available), if the information is not part of your PHI maintained by the Practice, if the information is not part of the information you would be permitted to inspect and copy, and/or if the information is accurate and complete. If you disagree with the Practice’s denial, you have the right to submit a written statement of disagreement.
6. Receive an accounting of disclosures of your PHI as provided by law. To request an accounting, you must submit a written request to the Practice's Privacy Officer. The request must state a time period which may not be longer than six years and may not include the dates before April 14, 2003. The request should indicate in what form you want the list (such as a paper or electronic copy). The first list you request within a 12 month period will be free, but the Practice may charge you for the cost of providing additional lists in that same 12 month period. The Practice will notify you of the costs involved and you can decide to withdraw or modify your request before any costs are incurred.
7. Receive a paper copy of this Privacy Notice from the Practice upon request to the Practice's Privacy Officer.
8. Complain to the Practice, or to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Office of Civil Rights, Hubert H. Humphrey Building, 200 Independence Avenue, S. W., Room 509F HHH Building, Washington, D.C. 20201. Or you may contact a regional office of the Office of Civil Rights, which can be found at www.hhs.gov/ocr/regmail.html. To file a complaint with the Practice, you must contact the Practice's Privacy Officer. All complaints must be in writing.
9. To obtain more information on, or have your questions about your rights answered, you may contact the Practice's Privacy Officer, Dr. Christopher A. Rapoff, at: 760-327-2488 or via email at: drrapoff@chriopracticpalmsprings.com

PRACTICE'S REQUIREMENTS
The Practice:
1. Is required by law to maintain the privacy of your PHI and to provide you with this Privacy Notice of the Practice's legal duties and privacy practices with respect to your PHI
2. Is required by state law to maintain a higher level of confidentiality with respect to certain portions of your medical information that is provided for under federal law. In particular, the Practice is required to comply with the following state statutes:

(a) Section 381.004 relating to HIV testing, Chapter 384 relating to sexually transmitted diseases, and Section 456.057 relating to patient records ownership, control and disclosure.

3. Is required to abide by the terms of this Privacy Notice.
4. Reserves the right to change the terms of this Privacy Notice and to make the new Privacy Notice provisions effective for all of your PHI that it maintains.
5. Will not retaliate against you for making a complaint.
6. Must make a good faith effort to obtain from you an acknowledgement of receipt of this Notice.
7. Will post this Privacy Notice on the Practice's web site, if the Practice maintains a web site.
8. Will provide this Privacy Notice to you by e-mail if you so request. However, you also have the right to obtain a paper copy of this Privacy Notice.

EFFECTIVE DATE
This Notice is effective as of March 1, 2006.